539242. Note that the double cheek appearance of her posterior on this example is actually due to a minor die shift and does not appear that way on all genuine specimens, but the rounded form does. Get it as soon as Tue, Jan 12. Me: The total is $2.41, which $2.50 adequately covers & I don’t care to give up the 9 cent, but I do NOT accept being up charged 60 cent while you refuse to take the coins I am offering. This is clear evidence the coin in question was struck from a die in which a modern forger "improved" details on his hubbed die, without understanding the true nature of what he was improving. Even on the best struck and least worn example (the British Museum specimen) there is no detail on that closest horses' head (as illustrated on page 81 of volume 1 in David Sear's 1978 edition of Greek Coins and Their Values). At this point the only genuine specimen I can locate that is well enough struck and centered to have been used, is the British Museum specimen mentioned above. WEIGHT: 17.20 grams as per the sellers listing. The smaller details, and details around the edges that might have been off the flan on the genuine coin, are the best places to look for these discrepancies. More Buying Choices $11.99 (8 used & new offers) Ages: 3 years and up. Welcome to my non-commercial site for ancient coins. This is very different from how they look on the authentic Berlin specimen and I have checked this on other specimens from this die and it is clearly not what was on the original die. The forger must then touch-up his new die by hand cutting missing details. Fake Lycian Stater . Fake Histiaia Tetrobols. Apollo's lips are poorly formed and thickened, and his nose tends to be slightly broader than one would expect, also resulting partly from weak strike, with the only exception to the lips being on the British Museum specimen which is the best struck of them all. When ancient coins are struck it is normal for there to be two or more hammer blows. This results in what is known as die shift and can result in some distortions to the designs during striking. SIZE: the seller lists the coin at about 30 mm. This shows a constant die pressure throughout the strike, and while inconsistent with an ancient hammer strike technology, it is consistent with pressing on a modern press. On the reverse we can see another crack along the upper left edge which has opened wider: The important feature of this crack is that we can see that it has a sharp edge that juts out slightly. Coins with VIGO below bust indicate that they were struck using silver captured from Spanish ships at Vigo bay. Taken together, the flan crack features are consistent with a coin struck on a press at high temperature, which is a method impossible with ancient technology but easily done with modern technology. I would like to thank Bill Peutz for providing this web space. 11241. The image above used to show the genuine flan crack pattern also shows this clearly. image from the CNG website (www.cngcoins.com) It is my opinion that this coin is a die-struck modern fake of a Katane tetradrachm illustrating the highest quality of forgery one is likely to encounter. Reverse die signed by Euainetos. Circa 264-241 BC. On this new example, Nike's head, which is very finely engraved on the Berlin specimen, is little more than a lump which is not even clearly human let alone female. Reduced standard. Didius Julianus. ANCIENT COINS & MODERN FAKES How To Tell The Difference An Authentication Primer by Dennis J. Kroh The summary of a talk given at the Numismatic Theater during the 99th Annual American Numismatic Association Convention in Seattle on Friday, August 24, 1990. Step 1) If you are not certain the coins are fake, post some of the seller's coins that you suspect are fake. Struck circa 405-390 BC. With the apparent die match established and with no question that these are struck and not cast coins, there are two possibilities: first, and which is widely accepted for this coin, is that the match proves the same set of dies, and since the Berlin specimen it is matched to is certainly authentic, both coins have to be authentic. While the opinions about this coin on this page are entirely my own, I do appreciate the help provided to me by Jorg Lueke who aided in finding suitable examples and images of various specimens which helped in my observations, and whose comments and questions assisted me in determining what details needed to be discussed. But what is important is that for about 98% of the design there is a nearly exact match, which no ancient die cutter working by hand could do on two different dies. The birth of coinage in wider Greece, though, was not really an invention of convenience but a necessity, driven by the need to pay mercenary soldiers. Since they themselves didn't know enough to not buy a fake coin, they can easily believe it. Over 50 DIFFERENT World Coins (1/2) Half Pound Grab Bag. Dionysios I. This list includes genuine coins and fakes. PO Box 4203 Ormond Beach, Florida 32175 | Office Hrs M-S 7:00AM-7:00PM | Office 434-327-0550 | Email:[email protected] SICILY, Syracuse. Her gown is now much heavier, hiding her female lines and no longer revealing her rounded posterior and thin waist. Dating Roman Provincial Coins. Clearly, they are not the same as on the authentic die from which the other two plus the British Museum example were struck. Here are a few examples of signs of a fake coin that we look for, with sample photos taken from actual online listings of fake ancient coins being sold as authentic. Clearly, this is the work of a master engraver. CONCORD – MILIT Concordia standing to l. holding aquila and standard. Most Sicilian tetradrachms do not show any significant flan cracks, and it appears that the expansion out to about 26 mm usually does not create enough stress to crack the flan. For this, we must compare it to an actual coin from the same set of dies, for which there is no reasonable doubt of its authenticity. Only 12 left in stock - order soon. Rarely (very rarely!) In David Sear's Greek Coins and Their Values, 1978, Volume 1, p. 81, there is a picture of the British Museum specimen of this type, which I believe is the the best struck and highest grade example from the non-retouched die. That would not be a simple thing to do: they would have to shave down the fields, but that would remove all the shallowest details such as the inscriptions which would then have to be re-cut. Many coins show some die shift that demonstrates that more than one hammer blow is normally applied. Coinsbit is a new trading platform that provides businesses and individual traders with Low commissions, Multi-Support, Strong Security, and Open API Coinsbit Airdrop, Coinsbit CNG Airdrop, Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Refer Earn, Coinsbit Refer Earn, Coinsbit Referral Code – Hello Friends welcome back to Free Shopping Deal.Today I am back with a cryptocurrency Refer and Earn Offer.I hope you Enjoyed our Recent Money Making Apps updated by us.. Coinsbit CNG Airdrop is a cryptocurrency trading platform. I have circled in red where they are visibly doing so. The CNG coin is in a fresher state than the other. Especially compare the lettering and the head: CNG 63, 1005: Pescennius Niger AE24 of Caesarea Germanica, Bithynia. It is nearly impossible to do that touch-up work perfectly, and it is the mistakes that the forger makes or fails to correct that usually gives him away. Especially compare the lettering and the head: CNG 63, 1005: Pescennius Niger AE24 of Caesarea Germanica, Bithynia. Now let us turn our attention to the obverse die. Striking via a slower squeeze, rather than a sudden impact, allows the metal to react differently to the stress, often forming many small die cracks around the edges that neither penetrate the coin, nor go through to the other side. Many forgers have not solved this technical problem so they resort to using modern presses to apply pressure more as a slower, but even squeeze, but even then, they often have to press the coins at very high temperatures (known as forging temperatures) to achieve a good strike. This list includes genuine coins and fakes. Coins with E or E* below bust indicate that they were made in Edinburgh. Sasanian coinage had a significant influence on coinage of other polities. 5.98 g. AR Denarius, 3.27g (17mm, 12h). 405-367 BC. I believe this Katane tetradrachm, struck from these retouched dies, belongs on the list of the British Museum Forgeries. On the image above is a comparison of the lettering of a similar but genuine coin of this type on the left (courtesy of CNG coins) and that on the false coin on the right. The other possibility, which I believe to the case, is that a genuine coin struck from these dies was used by a modern forger as a model from which to create new dies that nearly perfectly matched the original dies, and this coins is a modern fake from those modern dies. Here is an image of a coin of this type which has formed flan cracks, in what is a normal ancient flan crack pattern consistent with a hammer strike : It has one significant flan crack and one less significant one, both of which penetrate both into the coin and through the coin. a Vespasian and sons denarius, and numerous others [including a high-grade Marc Anthony COHORT galley, Trajan quinarius, etc.] Circa 170-145 BC. It is a near perfect strike with almost no wear and so the lips on it represent how they were engraved into the die from which it was struck. Since the obverse of that specimen shows nearly no wear, that lack of detail on the reverse cannot be due to wear. $5.50. On the two genuine examples to the left the mouth is slightly distorted but if you look closely the mouth on both specimens has been slightly distorted by wear and by the die not fully filling there giving it a thickened appearance. But hubbing does not capture every tiny detail accurately. By. Here are actual FAKE Levon the First Gold Coins. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Robert Ready worked at the British Museum making high quality electrotype copies of their more important coins, including their example of this type. EL 1½ Shekels – Tridrachm (22mm, 11.01 g, 1h). INTRODUCTION Yet it is remarkably easy to see in the coins now up for auction. Join Telegram Channel and get instant Loot alerts participants Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Refer EarnContents Of This Post1 Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Refer Earn1.0.1 Sign Up On Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Get 30,000 CNG Coins Free1.0.2 Documents Needed For Coinsbit CNG Airdrop :1.1 Get 30,000 CNG Coins Worth ₹2000 From Coinsbit CNG Airdrop Refer Earn : 1.1.0.1 Coinsbit […] As the coin forms between the dies and the flan spreads, the die pressure dissipates, and so die pressure is at its highest as the centers form, and at its lowest as the outer parts of the design form. Professional fake sellers will make sure they're happy and leave with the impression that this was an honest mistake that any seller could have made. Most Recently Added (0) There can be no doubt that the two coins also appear to share a common reverse die. Together with the Roman Empire, the Sasanian Empire was the most important money-issuing polity in Late Antiquity. This is not always easy to illustrate on an image, but look closely at the "N"'s and the difference between wedge … It is important to remember that genuine examples of this type are normally only 24 to 26 mm diameter, and this example is 30 mm. There are features on this coin suggesting that the actual flan on which it was struck is ancient. The first Greek coins appeared in Aegina c. 600 BCE (or even earlier) which were silver and used a turtle as a symbol of the city’s prosperity based on maritime trade. People who buy fake coins will either give positive feedback or ask for their money back. Looking at the coin under question, the designs are of roughly of equal strength across the entire design, including on the inscription near the edge. The Sovereign (English Pound) is a coin minted from 22ct gold and contains 7.32 grams of pure gold. AD 193-194. However, the overall lines still have a relatively natural outline as the die cutter would have intended. COINS I ADMIRE EVERY MORNING WHILE HAVING MY … Flan cracks occur when the blank planchet is stressed as it expands during striking, and how those cracks form is directly related to how the coin is struck and at what temperature it was struck. The question then must be asked, which of the genuine coins was the host coin from which the false die was hubbed? The obverse was by John Croker and the Edinburgh obverse by a Scottish engraver. ... Counterfeit Detection: 1903-O Morgan Dollar 12/27/2020 - The date and mintmark on this coin give it away as a fake. The Berlin specimen is in the middle, the one from above used to show the genuine style flan cracks is to the left, and the specimen under discussion to the right: The first thing to look at are the eyes, where the two examples to the center and left are very finely engraved, giving the face a natural almost life like look with an intense stare. And this is what makes the CNG coins so special. Reverse die signed by Euainetos. This difference is primarily because the very sharp pupil in the eyes of the examples to the left are only a vague dot on the example to the right. Fake coins, made in ancient times, are a different subject, and were created to be counterfeits. Do not include the sellers' name or a link. The following counterfeits are supposedly Athenian tetradrachms, which are ancient greek silver coins. NGC-certified Coins from Around the World Featured in Japan Sale ... Online bidding is now underway for the CNG sale. The line of dots on her wing extends down to her shoulder, with each successive dot becoming larger. One can easily see that the form of the mouth is not distorted when both well struck and not very worn: The coin under discussion is on the right of the three-face image above. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. I have not been able to locate an image of the actual coin I can use for this page, but I do have this image of that part of the design on a Robert Ready electrotype done from their example which shows the details fairly clearly. $15.88 $ 15. The first is that on the obverse they are strongest in the center and weaken towards the edges, which is most noticeable on the inscription on the right edge. 5.98 g. AR Dekadrachm (34.5mm, 43.08 g, 2h). But what is most important is the very deeply penetrating but barely open crack in the middle right of the reverse and middle left of the obverse, which is consistent with a hammer struck coin. Date Added: -. Contact is initially the center of the flan against the center of the die. The style of the coin does not belong to Levon I; it suggests Levon III or IV. If hammer struck one would expect it to exhibit one or more of the very deeply penetrating cracks that form when hammer struck coins crack. Genuine Sicilian tetradrachms of this period are struck on cast planchets which come from the mold naturally annealed so the silver is as soft as it can be at room temperature, and in a rounded form like a ball slightly flattened top and bottom. It is my opinion that this coin is a die-struck modern fake of a Katane tetradrachm illustrating the highest quality of forgery one is likely to encounter. The coin under question is very unusual for this period of coinage in that the planchet is a full 4 to 5 mm wider than usual --having expanded to 30 mm diameter. The planchet is placed between two dies and the upper die is given a sharp blow with a hammer, at first compressing the metal into the dies. CARTHAGE, First Punic War. AD 193-194. This proves that both coins appear to be struck from the same obverse die. Note:There are numerous fake Caesarea Germanica "coins" of this emperor. Gold bullion coins gained a bad reputation in the Egyptian market during the recent period because some workshops produced fake coins because of its low handy charges fees. These differences appear to be consistent with a combination of distortions in the die hubbing process and with a forger doing touch up work to an imperfectly hubbed false die. The fact is, coins can and do change hands for less than the amount of the certification fee. I have not physically examined this coin, but based on what is visible on the image, it appears that if one were to run one's fingers over the edge, that crack would feel like a slight sharp projection. The man who sold it to CNG turned out to be a Greek national with a criminal record for trafficking in stolen antiquities, and the transaction was arranged by a Munich coin dealer who once worked for a notorious European trafficker, a member of a Munich cartel whose looted treasures found their way to studios, museums and auction houses around the world. Bad Money – Ancient Counterfeiters and Their Fake Coins. The style of this coin is nearly perfect and it seems to be die linked to other known genuine examples. 193 AD. There are many technical problems with hammer striking, and it is not as easy as one would think. is the Phraataces/Musa undertype clearly visible on Vonones I tets. So what remains is that these coins were struck at a die pressure higher than the ancient minters could achieve, which again points to modern minting technology. 88. This is what a real one looks like (image credit to CNG Coins): 1. Eukratides I Megas. Normally this would be enough to confirm the authenticity, but only if the die link holds up to scrutiny, which in my opinion it does not. If you look at the legends on the Kunker coin they have spread a bit which is constitent with any striking in medieval coinage . Carthage mint. An impression of the genuine coin is taken, capturing all major and nearly all minor features of the original coin that give a coin its artistic style. The next consideration is an apparent die match that might prove the coin authentic. There are also two smaller cracks to the left of the reverse and a larger one to the right, that do not penetrate all the way through, but appear to be related to defects from flan casting that have opened slightly during flan expansion (especially the one on the left). This might be why only one die of this particular design was cut, and all other dies have a slightly different design on which Nike flies over the horse, and the horses do appear in lower relief (although I have not actually measured them, and state this based on how they appear on images). Some are tourist fakes, and usually sold as such and some were made so the common person could have an example of a terribly rare coin that would normally not ever be available. Electronic Auction 484Closing Time: 10:00 AM ETClosing Date: Jan. 27, 2021, Session 1 – Merani Collection Virtual Catalog, Merani Collection – Roman Republican (42), Merani Collection – Roman Imperial (133), Merani Collection – Early Medieval (3). On genuine specimens that do crack, what we see is usually one or two very narrow cracks extending deep into the coin, and normally going all the way through the coin so as to be visible on both the obverse and reverse. Clearly, the ancient minters could not achieve enough detail to fill all the details on this very deeply cut die. ... You can see these coins, most of the 73 fake coins they list, are sadly quite good and would be quite a challenge to whoever might be unlucky to purchase them. The second is much more difficult to prove as there might be images somewhere of coins that are struck from the original, not retouched dies, which will show all of the details, but as yet I cannot locate such an example. Ancient New Items (56) Sale items (11) Sold Items (36223) PROTO - MONEY , CURRENCY BEFORE MONEY (23) EXCEPTIONAL COINS !!!!! There are related problems that occur during modern pressing if the press is applied more than once, but they look similar. There is no possibility the forgers had direct access to that coin, Nor is there any possibility anyone in the British Museum was directly involved in this type of forgery. The example on the right, in spite of it being a much better struck and less worn example, has a less lifelike look and that intense stare has become a dull glazed-over look. When presented with this body of evidence, the conclusion I find I must come to is this coin was struck from a false hubbed a retouched die and is thus a modern fake. This opinion is based on only having seen images of the coin, and not a physical examination of the coin, but I feel the features discussed below are clear enough on the images to illustrate my discussion of the problems with this coin. On the reverse there is poor detail on the horse heads with no specimen showing the eyes of the closest horse, and various degrees of detail on the other horses. There is a second example known from this false die, also high grade and nearly unworn, and it also shows the lips with this distortion --confirming that this feature was in the die. The Magistrates of Argos. Modern forgers, wanting their product to stand up to a metallurgical analysis, have been known to use worn examples of genuine coins as their planchets, so that the alloy will be correct. All the examples I have found exhibit two patterns of weakness in the strike: on the obverse the laurel leaves on Apollo's forehead are slightly flat at the highest point, that on the nicest examples, seems to be related more to the die pressure not being able to fill those details on the die than to wear. ... a very good fake … AR Tetradrachm (36mm, 16.97 g, 12h). The only exceptions I have so far seen are on two examples, both from the retouched dies, both exceptionally evenly and well struck in a way not consistent with the hammer striking technology of 5th century BC Sicily. I show the undertype first, below...Phraataces/Musa tets such … To establish the reverse die line is slightly more difficult. Starting with a genuine coin already expanded to about 25 mm, and then subjecting it to further expansion by pressing with great force and possibly high temperature, the expansion to 30 mm is thus possible. IMP CAES M DID – IVLIAN AVG Head, laureate, to r. Rev. The form of the mouth is another problem. It does not exhibit a distorted mouth, but rather shows us exactly what it looked like as the ancient die cutter intended. CNG 42 MBS Auction Catalog May 29, 1997 652 Greek and 414 Roman Coins. Hemidrachms from Thracian Cherronesos. This happens because these coins are struck on rounded planchets which must expand between the dies as the coin is struck. There are some who would argue that the dies were re-cut in ancient times to improve striking quality, but as the problem is a design cut too deeply into the die, the solution would be to reduce that depth of engraving. Sometimes small distortions are introduced, and often on genuine coins some features are off the flan edge or weakly struck and so are not present to be transfered. Struck circa 405-390 BC. A New York City Collection of Greek Coinage & An Idaho Collection of Greek Coinage. There is no expectation that they made a special mold to make a broader cast planchet for this type, so if genuine, it has expanded far more than usual and has been subject to far more stress than were the 24 to 26 mm examples. BAKTRIA, Greco-Baktrian Kingdom. When all is said and done, you’re buying the coin, not the plastic, and you should never pay more than the coin itself is worth. The Barry P. Murphy Collection of Severan Denarii. Very few people who have attempted to do so on high relief designs have actually managed to strike coins, as they cannot get the metal to fill deeply into the designs on the dies. The specimens shown in this collection were made for various reasons. Mike Markowitz - July 24, 2018. LOT OF 2 ANCIENT VF ROMAN CONSTANTINE I COINS EX GEMINI CNG AUCTIONS. The obverse die is fixed, and generally the coin will lock into it during striking, but the reverse die is not fixed and can bounce slightly during hammer striking and may come down in a slightly different position between the strikes. We deal in gold coins, silver coins, slabbed and graded coins of all varieties. The earliest known electrum coins, Lydian and East Greek coins found under the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, are currently dated to the last quarter of the 7th century BC (625–600 BC). There are also features of how the flan cracked during the stress of striking, that are inconsistent with how such features form on genuine coins struck via hammer striking and as those are what drew my attention to this coin in the first place I will discuss them first. These pupils are one of the smallest features of the coin, and not easily transferred while hubbing a false die, which is the most likely explanation and the forger missed doing that touch-up. Note:There are numerous fake Caesarea Germanica "coins" of this emperor. The three faces below come from three different coins. AR Dekadrachm (34.5mm, 43.08 g, 2h). But the overlay images above prove that was not done to this touched-up die. In the 1980's and 1990's a number of high quality fakes were accepted as genuine and sold at major auctions, but were later identified as fakes and it was determined many were from dies hubbed from British Museum eletrotypes. The best specimen available for this purpose is one known as the Berlin specimen, which was de-accessioned from the Berlin Königliche Münzenkabinett as a duplicate and sold by A. Heiss on their behalf in 1902. Buy, Sell, Auction, Value & Consign rare and collectible U.S. coins, world and ancient coins. Athens and Corinth soon followed Aegina’s lead. I can't really explain CNG but can you explain Kunker, From what I understand they have an awful reputation They regularly sell fake coins, you can't tell anything about a coins condition; whether it has hairlines etc.. From their photos When you bid on an auction you don't get outbid notifications Oh and all that for a crazy 23% bp R. Rev this proves that BOTH coins appear to share a common reverse.. 43.08 g, 2h ) all varieties coins ): 1 spread a bit which is constitent with striking! Genuine coins was the host coin from which the other somewhat, resulting in a way that not... Minters could not achieve enough detail to fill all the details on this is. 16.97 g, 2h ) below come from three different coins one would think Shekels – (. 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Their Money back influence on coinage of other polities, hiding her lines... The coins now up for Auction made for various reasons coin they have spread a bit which constitent... Soon as Tue, Jan 12, struck from the same obverse die el 1½ Shekels – Tridrachm (,! That specimen shows nearly no wear, that lack of detail on the die... The legends on the Kunker coin they have spread a bit which is constitent with any striking in coinage! Used to show the genuine flan crack pattern is the work of a stress occurring under... But they look similar results in what is known as die shift can!