It requires warm climate for seed germination and cold climate to grow. Rice is the most common example of a Kharif crop. Major bajra producing states were Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and … Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. : (i) Rabi (ii) Kharif Rabi: It is sown in October or December and harvested in April or May. May 15, 2020. How many crops of paddy are grown in a year in the states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa and they are termed as which of the following? Common kharif crops. Difference Between Assets and Liabilities, Difference Between Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Communication, Difference Between Training and Internship, Difference Between Micro and Macro Economics, Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries, Difference Between Management and Administration, Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Difference Between Single Use Plan and Standing Plan, Difference Between Autonomous Investment and Induced Investment, Difference Between Packaging and Labelling, Difference Between Discipline and Punishment, Difference Between Hard Skills and Soft Skills, Difference Between Internal Check and Internal Audit, Difference Between Measurement and Evaluation, Difference Between Percentage and Percentile. Rabi crops are mainly cultivated using irrigation since monsoons are already over by November. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. The difference between Kharif and rabi crops can be clearly drawn on the following grounds: Kharif crops refer to crops planted in the countries of South Asia with the beginning of the rainy season. Kharif: It is sown in June or July and harvested in September or October. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. Soil Survey of Punjab Building Post Office Awan Town-54780 Near PTCL Exchange, Multan Road, Lahore Kharif crops stand in contrast to the rabi crops, which are cultivated during the dry season. Rabi, kharif and zaid. It requires huge amount of water and hot weather to grow. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture with Answers Pdf free download. Chart. The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west monsoon season Like Paddy, Maize, Soyabean, Jowar, Bajra, Arahar, Ground Nut, Cotton etc The crops that are sown in the winter season are called Rabi crops. The general period of sowing starts from June till November depending on the area. These are sown either alone or in combination with Arhar. Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. The mandated crops are 6 rabi crops, 14 crops of the Kharif season, and two other commercial crops. Answer: Wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. Rabi and Kharif crops are classified on the base of season winter and summer. Learn more. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Kharif crops are harvested in September and October. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. The rabi season has taken off on a lukewarm note in Telangana. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. 29. A warm climate is required for seed germination and cold climate for the growth of crops. Excessive rains towards the end of the kharif season has delayed the harvesting, which in turn has delayed rabi … The crops that are sown before the winter season (October – November) are Rabi Crops. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. kharif meaning: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. Crops that are grown in the winter season, from November to April are called Rabi Crops. Following are some of the examples of Kharif crops: Rice; Maize; Sorghum; Bajra; Soybean; Cotton; Also Read: Agricultural Practices The crops that are sown beginning of monsoon season or rainy season (June – July) are Kharif crops. The crops across India are grown mainly in 2 crop seasons – Kharif and Rabi. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops. They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. Cotton is considered as a fiber … Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. The rabi crops include wheat, barley, oats (cereals), chickpea/gram Kharif Crops Examples: Some examples of Kharif crops are rice, bajra, groundnut, cotton etc. In the 2019 kharif season, the state agriculture department had projected kharif sowing on 6.36 lakh hectres in the district. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. Major crops are: barely, wheat, peas, gram and mustard. There are 5 crops mainly grown during Rabi and 7 crops during Kharif. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. In total it includes; Cereals (7) - wheat, paddy, bajra, … It requires a lot of water and hot weather to grow. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Privacy, Difference Between Latitude and Longitude. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. There are two major crop seasons in India, viz. Major crops are: bajra, cotton, jowar, rice and jute. On the contrary, for growing rabi crops cold and dry weather is required and longer day length for its flowering. Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India and Pakistan . AREA AND PRODUCTION OF CROPS IN 2019-20 (4th estm) Crops Area (Million hectare) Production (Million ton) Kharif Rabi Total Kharif Rabi Total Rice 39.02 4.76 43.78 101.98 16.45 118.43 Wheat - 31.45 31.45 - 107.59 107.59 Sorghum 1.71 3.00 4.71 1.64 3.09 4.73 Bajra 7.52 - 7.52 10.28 - 10.28 Maize 7.68 2.04 9.72 19.63 9.01 28.64 Ragi 0.99 - 0.99 1.74 - 1.74 Small millets 0.48 - 0.48 0.40 - 0.40 Kharif Crops Rabi Crops; Meaning: Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. Name some of the important rabi crops of India. Your email address will not be published. Rice. Flowering requires … "Production volume of bajra during kharif season in India from financial year 2010 to 2019, with an estimate for 2020 (in million metric tons)." The three cropping seasons are Rabi, Kharif, and Zaid, which completes the whole sowing cycle in India. Requirement during the winter season. The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Maize, cotton, bajra, moong, urad, soybean, jowar and bajra are the major kharif crops in the region. Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. However, the Kharif season differs from state-to-state within India. Major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc. It is grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. At the time of growth, Kharif crops require warm wet weather and shorter length of day for flowering. MahaAgriTech Department of Agriculture, Government of Maharashtra. during the winter season. (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. We have Provided Agriculture Class 10 Geography MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. Madhya Pradesh has so far procured 727,115 tn of key kharif crops—-jowar, bajra, and paddy--harvested in 2020-21 (Jul-Jun) under the price support … ... Bajra grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. The sowing months of Kharif crops are June and July. Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. 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Learn more. kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. Months – Rabi Crop Months – … Question 12. At the other extreme, Rabi crops involve crops that occur when the rainy season ends and the winter season begins. Unlike, the best time to harvest Rabi crops is in March and April. Conversely, rabi crops are usually sown in October and November. Bajra is … MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. On the other extreme, Rabi crops imply the crops that are grown when the rainy season is over and the winter season begins. It contains the latest, authoritative and readily usable information about the cultivation techniques, varieties, nutrient/water/weed management along with specific climatic/soil requirements of all the crops. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Question 11. 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